Our Passion for IPOs
News & Views
Largest Global IPOs
Largest US IPOs
Largest US IPOs YTD
Largest US Internet IPOs
Top First Day Returns
US IPO Stats
IPO Average Age
IPO Industry Breakdown
Offer Price Discounts
Global IPO Stats
IPOs by Region
IPO Industry Breakdown
Register for Updates
Press Contact Form
Free iPhone App
Free Android App
IPO News Feed
IPO News Archive
Interested in IPO Investing?
Renaissance Capital 2012 US IPO Review (Updated)
Analyst IPO Blog
After the fastest start since 2000, with the most anticipated deal in years on the horizon,
the US IPO market entered May in prime condition
. However, the European debt crisis intervened yet again, and a market decline turned into a month-long drought for IPOs following Facebook's botched offering. Deal activity returned sporadically in the second half, but uncertainty surrounding the fiscal cliff resulted in a disappointing end to the year, with the second-slowest November and December since the tech bubble. Still, the overall results showed an improvement over last year. With $43 billion raised, total proceeds were at the highest level since 2007, and the 21% average total return was above market indices. Consumer companies, such as organic food maker Annie's and discount youth retailer Five Below, and enterprise software providers, most notably Guidewire and Workday, produced some of the best-performing deals. After starting the year at a record high, the pipeline was cut in half largely due to the passage of the JOBS Act, which allowed smaller companies to file confidentially and created a large shadow backlog.
In an up-and-down year that started off strong but ended with the second-slowest November and December since the bubble,
the US IPO market was modestly more active in 2012
, with 128 deals, up 2% from last year. Total proceeds were up 17% but fell 27% excluding Facebook. IPO activity consisted mainly of smaller deals, as the median deal size dropped 23%. Perhaps indicating a paradigm shift, despite three years of recovery, US IPO activity still has not returned to the historical norm of 150 to 200 annual deals, as the market continues to react strongly to external shocks. Excluding a handful of
– GM in 2010, three mega private equity-backed IPOs in 2011 and Facebook in 2012 – annual proceeds from US IPOs would have trended below $30 billion.
40% of IPOs priced below the range this year, up from 34% last year and near 2010’s 42% record, as
wary investors exerted pressure on pricing following pockets of slow activity
. These pricing concessions resulted in a significant improvement in first-day performance. Only 19% of deals closed below their offer price on the first day compared to 33% in 2011. The average first-day return this year was 14%, the best since 2001, helping the average total return bounce back to 21% from a dismal -10% last year.
Get more statistics, rankings, top performers and year-end highlights here
Overall issuance for private equity-backed IPOs increased 26% as 44 deals were completed. However, the average private equity-backed deal size shrunk 62% from $583 million in 2011 to $224 million in 2012. Just four deals managed to raise more than $500 million compared to 11 in 2012 and only one LBO, Realogy, raised more than $1 billion, compared to three in 2011 (Nielsen, Kinder Morgan and HCA). These three were the largest LBO IPOs in history, with an average deal size of $2.8 billion. Overall, the majority of private equity-backed IPOs in 2012 were characterized by late-stage investments in growth companies (e.g. Five Below, Annie’s, Chuy’s), as opposed to leveraged buy-outs of mature businesses as seen in previous years.
Facebook was the biggest VC-backed deal in IPO history and drove a 163% increase in VC proceeds year-over-year. However, excluding Facebook, VC-backed IPO activity was down 16% in terms of deal flow and 43% in terms of proceeds. Excluding Facebook, the average deal size was $104 million, down 32% from 2011. Internet IPOs were the biggest detractors for VC-backed IPOs as the number of deals fell 33% year-over-year and represented 26% of deal activity compared to 35% last year.
The JOBS Act went into effect on April 5, allowing smaller companies to file confidentially and thus reducing the visibility into IPO filing activity.
Only 140 new filers entered the IPO pipeline in 2012
, down materially from 257 in 2011 and 253 in 2010. The current pipeline has 117 companies seeking to raise a total of $35.7 billion, down from 146 companies and $45 billion at the end of the third quarter. Of the 117 companies in the pipeline, 49 are considered to be active, having filed an amended document within the past 90 days. The shadow pipeline of companies that have filed confidentially with the SEC could range anywhere from 60 to 100 companies. Among the recent actual IPO filers, notable companies include the American unit of retirement, investment and insurance company ING, Bright Horizons Family Solutions, which offers work site child care and early education centers, and Zoetis, Pfizer’s animal health unit, which is expected to launch in early 2013 and could raise as much as $4 billion.
Now three years into the recovery, the IPO market remains well below the levels seen in the last cycle. The average deal count of 136 in the last three years is well below the 205 average of 2004 to 2007. Over the last decade, the IPO market has become increasingly captive to the underlying stability and trends of the overall equity markets. When major exogenous events, such as the European debt crisis and the fiscal cliff, roil the securities markets, IPO activity slows or shuts down altogether (e.g. August-October 2011 and May-June 2012). US IPO activity has also been below the levels we would expect in a normal economic rebound because of the tepid nature of the current recovery (unusually slow GDP growth and ongoing high unemployment) despite unprecedentedly expansionary monetary policy. The JOBS Act, which was touted as a way of opening the IPO market to small growth companies, has had no noticeable effects other than reducing the minimum time from filing to pricing. Without more structural changes, we are less optimistic that the JOBS Act in and of itself will solve some of the issues facing the US IPO market. The good news is that the IPO backlog, including the large shadow backlog, continues to grow, and IPOs by smaller companies actually rose in 2012. To see a good year in 2013, the IPO market will need not only a constructive resolution to the fiscal cliff, but also a steadier recovery in the broader equity markets.
Keywords / Tickers: US IPO Market, 2012 US Review
Recently Priced IPOs
The information contained herein is proprietary and copyrighted. The media is welcome to use our information and ideas, provided that the following sourcing is included:
IPO investment firm Renaissance Capital (www.renaissancecapital.com)
Past performance does not guarantee future results. The performance data quoted represents past performance and current returns may be lower or higher. The investment return and principal value of an investment will fluctuate so that an investor’s shares, when redeemed, may be worth more or less than the original cost. Investors should consider the investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses carefully before investing.
As stated in the Prospectus, the total annual operating expenses for the Fund was 3.48%. The Adviser has contractually agreed to keep net expenses from exceeding 2.50% of the Fund’s average daily net assets for at least a year from the date of the Prospectus and for an indefinite period thereafter subject to annual re-approval of the agreement by the Board of Trustees.
An investor cannot invest directly in an index. Index returns do not represent Fund returns. The Index does not charge management fees or brokerage expenses, nor does the Index lend securities, and no revenues from securities lending were added to the performance shown.
Net Asset Value (NAV)
of the fund is calculated by dividing the total value of all the securities in its portfolio, less any liabilities, by the number of fund shares outstanding.
is current value at which an asset or service can be bought or sold.
is provided to show the comparison of the daily net asset value (NAV) and the midpoint of the closing bid/ask for each of the funds. The
Renaissance IPO Index® (IPOUSA)
is a stock market index based upon a portfolio of U.S.-listed newly public companies that includes securities prior to their inclusion in core U.S. equity portfolios.
The S&P 500® Index (SPX)
is a stock market index based on the market capitalizations of 500 large companies whose common stock is publicly traded on the NYSE. The S&P 500 index components are determined by S&P Dow Jones Indices.
Investments in the
Renaissance IPO ETF, symbol "IPO"
(the “ETF”) and the
Global IPO Fund, symbol "IPOSX"
(the “Mutual Fund”) are subject to investment risk, including possible loss of the principal amounts invested. The ETF and the Mutual Fund (the “Funds”) invest in companies that have recently completed their initial public offerings. These stocks are unseasoned equities lacking trading history, a track record of reporting to investors and widely available research coverage which many result in extreme price volatility. The Funds may also be subject to information technology risk and small and mid-capitalization company risk due to a greater number of IPOs in these sectors. The Funds may hold securities in the form of Depository Receipts, REITs, Master Limited Partnerships (MLPs) which have greater risks than common shares. The strategy has high portfolio turnover and securities lending risks. ETF returns may not match the return of the respective index. The ETF is classified as a non-diversified investment company and is subject to concentration risk.
Investors should consider the investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses carefully before investing. For a prospectus and/or summary prospectus with information about the Funds, please visit
. Read the prospectus carefully before investing. Renaissance Capital Investments, Inc., distributor for the Mutual Fund. Foreside Fund Services, LLC, distributor for the ETF, 1-866-486-6645.
The information and opinions expressed herein were prepared by Renaissance Capital's research analysts and do not constitute an offer to buy or sell any security. Renaissance Capital, the
Renaissance IPO ETF (symbol: IPO)
Global IPO Fund (symbol: IPOSX)
, may have investments in securities of companies mentioned.
Renaissance Capital LLC is an SEC-registered investment adviser.
Renaissance Capital Investments, Inc. is a
-registered broker-dealer, and member of
© 2014 Renaissance Capital LLC. All rights reserved.